What Is the Specific Carbohydrate Diet? (2022)

At Verywell, we believe there is no one-size-fits-all approach to a healthy lifestyle. Successful eating plans need to be individualized and take the whole person into consideration. Prior to starting a new diet plan, consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian, especially if you have an underlying health condition.

What is the Specific Carbohydrate Diet

The specific carbohydrate diet follows the theory that restricting certain carbs can help those with gastrointestinal issues (GI), such as irritable bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic constipation, celiac disease, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The diet's food limitations include no grain, lactose, or sucrose, as they are thought to be harder to digest than other carb types.

This diet was developed by pediatrician Sidney Valentine Haas, MD, and his research was published in the 1951 book “Management of Celiac Disease.” According to Dr. Haas, carbohydrates are forms of sugar that promote the growth of bacteria and yeast in the intestines, which causes a bacteria imbalance and overgrowth.

He suggests that if you remove or restrict certain carbohydrates available to intestinal bacteria, you will remove opportunities for this bacteria overgrowth and production of toxins. This, in turn, will help correct GI issues.

Dr. Haas suggests that this diet type can benefit anyone with irritable bowel issues, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, celiac disease, chronic diarrhea, spastic colon, and Crohn’s disease. However, scientific support and peer-reviewed research for the specific carbohydrate diet remain limited.

What Experts Say

"This plan restricts certain carbohydrates, claiming this will reduce symptoms in those with GI disorders. There is little research to support this. However, experts agree the diet is likely not harmful, so long as it’s under professional guidance to ensure nutrient needs are met."
Chrissy Carroll, RD, MPH

(Video) Overview of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet | Kelly Barnhill, MBA, CN, CCN

The 7-Day Diet Plan

All grains are off-limits on this plan, including those that do not contain gluten. Fruits, both fresh and dried with no added sugar, and low-starch vegetables are allowed. Certain fruit juices with no added sugar, such as fresh-squeezed orange juice, are also acceptable.

Meanwhile, most nuts are approved, but seeds are not. Lean protein sources—including meat, fish, and eggs—are permitted, as long as they are unprocessed with no additives. Some milk-derived dairy products are also included. Almost all added sugars and artificial sweeteners are banned. A week's food intake could look like the following:

  • Day 1:Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; salad with a side of asparagus; lentil salad
  • Day 2:Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; homemade plain yogurt with berries and honey; grilled eggplant with fresh fish
  • Day 3: Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; salad topped with nuts; sharp cheddar cheese slices and dairy-free tomato soup with no added sugar
  • Day 4:Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; salad with eggs and a handful of unsweetened dried fruits; dry curd unsweetened cottage cheese with grilled chicken
  • Day 5:Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; shrimp sautéed in oil and artichoke hearts
  • Day 6:Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; green bean salad topped with cheddar cheese; two boiled eggs and salmon filet cooked in olive oil
  • Day 7:Unlimited fresh fruit with a cup of coffee; unsweetened juice with boiled eggs and a slice of Swiss cheese; a handful of raw cashews; grilled fish of your choice and a side of mushrooms sauteed in oil.

Lower-Carb Recipe Resoures

(Video) Exclusive Enteral Nutrition and the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD)

What You Can Eat

The specific carbohydrate diet is not alow-carb diet as the name might suggest. The plan does restrict a number of carbs, but not all of them like other low-fat/high-protein diets do.

In this diet plan, all grains must be removed, along with seeds, added sugars, sweeteners, seaweed, some dairy products, and processed meats.

Fruits and Vegetables

  • Fresh and frozen non-starchy vegetables
  • Some legumes
  • Fresh or unsweetened dried fruits

Proteins

  • Fresh or frozen meats without additives
  • Fresh or frozen poultry without additives
  • Fresh or frozen fish without additives
  • Eggs

Nuts

  • Most nuts
  • Nut flours
  • Unsweetened nut butters

Dairy

  • Natural cheeses
  • Homemade plain yogurt
  • Dry curd cottage cheese
  • Sharp cheddar (not mild)
  • Swiss
  • Ricotta
  • Cream
  • Feta
  • Mozzarella
  • Cottage cheese
  • Gouda

What You Cannot Eat

In the specific carbohydrate diet, you cannot eat anything that contains grains, added sugars and sweeteners, seeds, some legumes, some dairy products, and processed meats. Here are some examples of foods you need to avoid on this diet.

Grains

  • Corn
  • Wheat germ
  • Oats
  • Rye
  • Rice
  • Spelt
  • Amaranth
  • Wheat flours and flours made from beans
  • Barley
  • Buckwheat

Fruits, Vegetables, and Legumes

  • Canned fruits or vegetables
  • Potatoes and parsnips
  • Sweet potatoes and yams
  • Corn
  • Beetroot
  • Cassava
  • Chickpeas
  • Bean sprouts
  • Soybeans

Meat, Poultry, and Fish

  • Processed proteins

Dairy Products

  • Milk
  • Store-bought yogurt
  • Sour cream
  • Mild Cheddar

Sugars and Sweeteners

  • Sugar
  • Sweeteners
  • Agave

How to Prepare the Specific Carbohydrate Diet & Tips

The essence of the specific carbohydrate diet is that it recommends restricting certain carbohydrates that are never fully digested. According to the diet's creator, they stay in your gut and get broken into bacteria which he believes can cause bacteria overgrowth and severely irritate the body.

On this diet, you only eat foods you can easily digest. This is not a short-term diet for weight loss, but one to help treat long-term GI issues.

Pros of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet

Scientific evidence on the specific carbohydrate diet's efficacy is quite limited, but a couple of studies demonstrate support on restricting carbohydrates as a GI treatment:

  • May Help Manage Crohn’s Disease: In a 2016 study, researchers found that following the specific carbohydrate diet helped young peoples ages 6 to 17 with Crohn’s disease better manage their symptoms.
  • May Help Treat GI Symptoms: The specific carbohydrate diet can help with flare-ups of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. In a recent review on pediatric inflammatory bowel disease in clinical practice, researchers found that incorporating an integrated specific carbohydrate diet into a treatment paradigm can positively affect the clinical outcome. However, the authors do note that more studies are needed to assess the diet’s safety.

Cons of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet

You should be aware of the disadvantages of this diet plan before considering it as a GI treatment. Additionally, you should always consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian before starting a new eating plan.

(Video) Specific Carbohydrate Diet for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

  • Restricts Nutrients: The specific carbohydrate diet eliminates grains, bread, grain-based flour, and starchy vegetables that provide valuable nutrition. This means potentially removing vital nutrients and minerals from your diet. In a 2017 study on the nutritional adequacy of the specific carbohydrate diet for GI issues, researchers found that 100% of the participants were below the recommended daily allowance for vitamin D, and 75% of the daily intakes were less than what is recommended for calcium.
  • Requires Work: Following this diet requires reading ingredient lists on all the foods you consume. The North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition also says that this diet requires the support of a multidisciplinary team for the best outcomes.
  • No Scientific Support: According to the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, few scientific centers support this diet as therapy.

Because so many foods are off-limits, this eating plan does not provide sound nutrition and might not supply enough calories. In addition, little scientific research is available on the effectiveness of this plan.

7 Nutrient Deficiencies That Can Make You Sick

Is the Specific Carbohydrate Diet a Healthy Choice for You?

You should speak to a medical professional before beginning the specific carbohydrate diet, as
another diet type might work best to treat GI issues. This includes thelow-FODMAP diet, which is geared toward those with irritable bowel syndrome, and is less restrictive.

This is also not a weight loss diet; rather, it is designed as a treatment for proper digestive health. This diet also makes consuming nutrient-dense grains and dairy-rich foods impossible.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) suggests eating plenty of whole grains, legumes, and dairy products. The specific carbohydrate diet eliminates many of these foods, which means that it does not meet the current recommendations set by nutrition experts.

(Video) Health Innovations Impacting Kids Worldwide – Part 6: Specific Carbohydrate Diet

Differences Between Whole Grains and Refined Grains

A Word From Verywell

Because of the lack of peer-reviewed research on the specific carbohydrate diet, you should consider speaking with a healthcare professional first to see if this diet can treat your GI condition. They might recommend modifications to ensure you get the proper nutrients and minerals or refer you to a registered dietitian or gastroenterologist to discuss what to properly restrict from your diet and how best to do this.

Remember, following a long-term or short-term diet may not be necessary for you and many diets out there simply don’t work, especially long-term. While we do not endorse fad diet trends or unsustainable weight loss methods, we present the facts so you can make an informed decision that works best for your nutritional needs, genetic blueprint, budget, and goals.

If your goal is weight loss, remember that losing weight isn’t necessarily the same as being your healthiest self, and there are many other ways to pursue health. Exercise, sleep, and other lifestyle factors also play a major role in your overall health. The best diet is always the one that is balanced and fits your lifestyle.

(Video) Primer on the SCD (40 mins)

FAQs

What carbs are allowed on SCD diet? ›

The main sources of approved or “legal” carbs in the SCD come from the monosaccharides glucose, fructose and galactose. These are some of the SCD's legal foods: Fruits: Most unprocessed, fresh or frozen fruits and juices. Canned fruits may be allowed as long as they don't have added sugar or starch.

Are eggs allowed on SCD diet? ›

"Legal Foods" on the SCD include:

fresh and frozen meats, fish and eggs.

How long does SCD diet take to work? ›

A 2018 case study reported substantial changes in the fecal microbiome in a person with ulcerative colitis in the 2 weeks after they started SCD. The person was able to see changes as early as a week after starting the diet.

Is oatmeal allowed on the SCD diet? ›

Because we recognize the importance of soluble fiber, we allow steel-cut and rolled oats on the diet (SCD does not allow grains of any kind).

Are sweet potatoes allowed on SCD? ›

Starchy vegetables, including white potatoes, sweet potatoes, rutabagas, parsnips, and yams. Any vegetable processed with additional sugar and additives. No canned or processed tomatoes or tomato products.

Are bananas allowed on SCD? ›

Please only use the regular bananas and only when they are very ripe and have black spots on their skin. Unripe bananas contain starch and are not allowed on the diet. Please avoid peanut butter, many SCD adults report problems with peanut butter.

Are carrots allowed on SCD? ›

Carrots are the cornerstone vegetable of the SCD diet. They are the first vegetable that Elaine recommends to eat for a good reason. Carrots contain extremely high amounts of carotenoids, which have been linked to fighting cancer, fighting parasites, protecting vision, and reducing heart disease.

Are tomatoes allowed on SCD diet? ›

SCD and canned tomatoes – do they go together? The short answer is no, but not so fast…. Canned tomatoes are not allowed on SCD typically, but there are brands, like Pomi (pictured below) that have no additives, artificial flavors, or preservatives. The only ingredient is tomatoes.

Can you eat peanut butter on SCD diet? ›

Please avoid peanut butter, many SCD adults report problems with peanut butter. Peanuts are legumes,and legumes are advanced foods.

Why is rice not allowed on SCD? ›

Rice, unfortunately, is not legal since it is made up of long-chain carbs. The only types of flour that are legal are nut flours (almond and pecan flour are used the most) and coconut flour (but this should be avoided until all symptoms are gone before trying it).

What vegetables are allowed on SCD? ›

  • Vegetables: all non-starchy vegetables are allowed, ...
  • buckwheat Starches: Potatoes, rutabaga, parsnips, yams Milk: All milk and cream based products (Okay to use these to make the homemade yogurt, though.)

Do you lose weight on the SCD diet? ›

It is important to note that the SCD is not a weight loss plan like other low carbohydrate diets. Since the SCD diet is so restricted and there's little research on the effectiveness, people with gastrointestinal issues could try other diets like the low FODMAP diet or a gluten free diet.

When should I introduce yogurt to SCD? ›

SCD yogurt can be introduced after the initial intro phase, but should be added slowly to make sure it can be tolerated. If you have a milk allergy or find you cannot tolerate the milk version, you can also make SCD coconut, or almond milk yogurt using the same instructions.

What should I eat after SCD intro? ›

After you have been on the Introductory Diet for 2-5 days to clear your system, Elaine Gottschall recommends adding cooked fruit, speckled banana, and additional cooked vegetables to your diet. Foods she recommends staying away from until diarrhea has substantially subsided are vegetables in the cabbage family.

Is white rice allowed on SCD diet? ›

Foods such as nuts, aged cheeses, fish, beef, and unsweetened juices are allowed. Examples of foods that are not allowed include sugars, oats, pasta, potatoes, rice, sugar substitutes, and wheat.

What is SCD yogurt? ›

SCD or GAPS Diet yogurt is not the same as store-bought yogurt, nor is it the same as regular homemade yogurt. SCD or GAPS Diet yogurt is fermented yogurt that is virtually lactose-free and easier to digest. The yogurt is allowed to ferment for 24 hours, at which point, the lactose is “eaten up.”

Is Bacon SCD legal? ›

Bacon is allowed on the diet, which is nice because you may feel like you've given up everything, but then bacon is still there!

Is coffee SCD legal? ›

SCD doesn't allow many drinks that you can buy in the shop – either alcoholic or non. That means us SCD-ers have to get a bit inventive. Enter, iced coffee! My love for a good coffee runs deep.

What tea is SCD legal? ›

Ordinary black tea is legal but should be made weak. Instant tea,Ojibwa tea (Essiac), many herbal teas, teas made from bark etc are full of polysaccharides and are illegal. Peppermint and spearmint herb teas are legal, and you can make a tea from ginger which is also legal. Canned tomatoes are illegal.

Why is honey allowed on SCD? ›

There have been many questions about why honey is accepted on the SCD. The main reason why honey is legal is because it is a natural sugar which means that it doesn't have any additional ingredients or additives if you choose an option that has as many natural ingredients in it as possible.

Is almond milk SCD legal? ›

Alternative Milk & SCD:

Rice, oat, and soy milk are not allowed at all as they contain either grain or soy. Almost all nut milks and coconut milk are allowed though, and can easily be made at home to meet SCD requirements.

Is Pineapple SCD legal? ›

Fresh pineapple juice that does not have sugar added is allowed. We use Dole's unsweetened pineapple juice in the can, as it has been checked out and does not have sugar added. Juice should be diluted with water before drinking.

Is Cheddar cheese SCD legal? ›

Organic Valley provided me a list of their cheeses meeting the SCD 30 days or longer aging requirement that would be SCD legal (but always double check the ingedients list): Cheddar (sharp, raw or pasteurized): 8 months, Cheddar (mild, raw or pasteurized): 60 days, Parmesan: 10 months.

What grains are allowed on SCD? ›

SCD Food List Overview
FishAllowed
RiceExclude
Grains other than wheat, corn, oats, and rice, which are listed separatelyExclude
Starchy Vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, turnips, parsnips, etc)Exclude
Artificial SweetenersExclude
25 more rows

How do you get enough fiber on SCD diet? ›

Soluble fiber for SCDers is found in peas, brussels sprouts, navy beans (soaked overnight and cooked, wait 3 months), apples, apricots, mangoes, oranges, grapefruit, asparagus and carrots. Insoluble fiber doesn't dissolve and promotes the movement of material through your digestive system and increases stool bulk.

Is almond butter SCD legal? ›

Almond butter with no sugar added is allowed. May be tried after being on the diet for 6 months. Almond milk is legal if you make your own. Commercial almond milk is not legal.

Why are canned beans not SCD? ›

The reason chickpeas (or anything illegal for that matter) are not legal on the SCD is because they contain long-chain carbohydrates, which is what we're avoiding completely in order to not feed the bad bacteria that grow by feeding on the long-chain carbs.

Is green tea SCD legal? ›

Green tea is SCD legal, but should be limited to no more than two cups per day.

Is Stevia SCD legal? ›

It is not SCD legal." However, on the Elaine's Children list, she indicated that it might be used in strictly limited quantities for those children who absolutely cannot tolerate either honey or saccharin. Powdered stevia should be approached with extreme caution.

Is lemon juice SCD legal? ›

You may be wondering if another citrus is allowed. Well, the good news is that the answer is yes! All citrus fruit is allowed depending on what stage you are in and can be eaten whole, juiced, cooked with, or raw.

Is tomato sauce SCD legal? ›

For folks who follow SCD, there is some confusion around whether canned tomato sauce and other canned fruits and vegetables are allowed. While many will have strong feelings one way or the other, the bottom line is that cans with no additives or processing aids are allowed on SCD.

Are chickpeas SCD legal? ›

Foods allowed on the SCD are beans: Black, kidney, lentil, lima, split pea, navy bean and peanuts. Chick peas beans, soy and cannellini beans are not allowed. Nuts: All kinds — sesame seeds and sunflower seeds but not chia seeds, flax seeds or hemp seeds.

What is the modified SCD diet? ›

Modified specific carbohydrate diet (mSCD)

The mSCD is very similar to the SCD but allows five additional foods, making the diet easier and more flavorful for your child. Added foods include oatmeal, organic rice, sweet potato, maple syrup, and cacao powder.

Is Ham SCD legal? ›

The SCD™ is a progressive diet and the introduction of many of these foods should be delayed until healing has taken place, please read the book "Breaking the Vicious Cycle" for further information.
...
FoodLegal / IllegalNote
HamLegalOnly if cured with salt, it is illegal if cured with sugar dextrose etc see Ham
10 more rows

What foods should be avoided with SCD? ›

You should not eat these foods when you follow a specific carbohydrate diet: Grains like barley, corn, oats, quinoa, rice and wheat. Grain products like bread, cereal and pasta. Candy, chocolates and other products made with sugar, high fructose corn syrup, or fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS).

Is wine allowed on SCD? ›

That's right, the SCD diet allows wine. Wine comes from grapes, which become fermented. Ethanol (alcohol) is produced through the fermentation process.

Does the SCD diet help with constipation? ›

In addition, it can also be beneficial for anyone with food sensitivities and intolerance to things like FODMAPs, which cause problems such as constipation, diarrhea, bloating, gas, fatigue, etc.

How many calories are in SCD yogurt? ›

Results for "SCD Yogurt by Joni"

Other sizes: 1 cup - 154kcal, 1 serving - 143kcal, 100 g - 63kcal, more...

How long does SCD yogurt last in the fridge? ›

It can last up to three weeks in the fridge, but the bacteria will remain active in it for two weeks at most.

How many carbs are in SCD yogurt? ›

Calories in Home made yogurt SCD legal
Calories75.6
Total Carbohydrate5.7 g
Dietary Fiber0.0 g
Sugars6.6 g
Protein4.1 g
8 more rows

Is SCD yogurt dairy free? ›

SUMMARY: SCD yogurt is lactose-free due to its processing. It can be grassfed if you choose to make it using grassfed milk. You can also use a milk from A2 casein cows to make the casein less inflammatory. Some use a milk alternative such as goat, coconut, or almond milk.

Are dates SCD legal? ›

Date sugar has a large amount of antioxidants according to this study. Medjool and California dates are allowed.

Are turnips SCD legal? ›

Breaking the Vicious Cycle by Elaine Gottschall.
...
FoodLegal / IllegalNote
TurnipsIllegalIn the most recent printing of BTVC (Ninth Printing - May 2002), turnips were moved from the 'allowed' list to the 'not allowed' list.
VanillinLegalBut not in concentrated form see Vanillin
47 more rows

Are tomatoes SCD legal? ›

SCD and canned tomatoes – do they go together? The short answer is no, but not so fast…. Canned tomatoes are not allowed on SCD typically, but there are brands, like Pomi (pictured below) that have no additives, artificial flavors, or preservatives. The only ingredient is tomatoes.

Is spinach SCD legal? ›

SCD legal foods highest in Zinc are seafood, beef and lamb, spinach, pumpkin and squash seeds, nuts, pork and chicken, navy beans (soak overnight, cook, and wait 3 months), and mushrooms.

What should you not eat on a low carb diet? ›

On a low carb diet, foods to avoid would include bread, pasta, potatoes, and other starchy vegetables, grains such as rice and corn, oatmeal, beans and lentils, milk, sugar, sweets such as cookies, candy and ice cream, beer, soda, and higher carb fruits like bananas, grapes, and apples.

What has carbs but no fat and no protein? ›

Honey: It's essentially pure sugar. 1 tablespoon is 17 grams of carbohydrates, with no fat and no protein. Other considerations that have a lot carbohydrates but aren't suggested as a majority part of a daily diet: Gummy Bears, Jelly Beans, Candy Fish, Chex cereal (or other gluten free cereals).

Are carrots SCD legal? ›

Carrots are the cornerstone vegetable of the SCD diet. They are the first vegetable that Elaine recommends to eat for a good reason. Carrots contain extremely high amounts of carotenoids, which have been linked to fighting cancer, fighting parasites, protecting vision, and reducing heart disease.

Why is honey allowed on SCD? ›

There have been many questions about why honey is accepted on the SCD. The main reason why honey is legal is because it is a natural sugar which means that it doesn't have any additional ingredients or additives if you choose an option that has as many natural ingredients in it as possible.

Are apples SCD legal? ›

Fruit: All peeled and deseeded but may be raw. Apples, pears, peach, persimmon, grapes. Meat: Battered with almond flour and deep fried can be added Nuts and Seeds: Coconut flour, walnut and macadamia flour can be introduced as well as nut pieces and coconut flakes.

Are bananas SCD legal? ›

Ripe fruit is allowed on GAPS and SCD, though if you are doing the ketogenic version of the GAPS Diet you will want to avoid bananas for the most part, as they are high in carbs.

What is SCD yogurt? ›

SCD or GAPS Diet yogurt is not the same as store-bought yogurt, nor is it the same as regular homemade yogurt. SCD or GAPS Diet yogurt is fermented yogurt that is virtually lactose-free and easier to digest. The yogurt is allowed to ferment for 24 hours, at which point, the lactose is “eaten up.”

Is almond milk SCD legal? ›

Alternative Milk & SCD:

Rice, oat, and soy milk are not allowed at all as they contain either grain or soy. Almost all nut milks and coconut milk are allowed though, and can easily be made at home to meet SCD requirements.

What happens if you eat no carbs for a week? ›

You may experience low-carb flu.

Some of those side effects include fatigue, weakness, dizziness, headaches, irritability, and nausea and they can last anywhere between a few days and a few weeks.

How many carbs should I eat in a day to lose weight? ›

For people who are physically active or want to maintain their weight, a range of 100–150 grams of carbs per day may have benefits. For those aiming to lose weight quickly, going under 50 grams per day under the guidance of a healthcare provider may help.

Why do I feel better when I don't eat carbs? ›

You feel better when you don't eat carbs because you aren't giving the bad bacteria in your gut the glucose and sugar that it needs to thrive.

What are smart carbs? ›

SmartCarbs refer to a specific group of carbohydrates that are nutrient-rich and lower on the Glycemic Index. These carbs are packed with fiber so they are digested more slowly, helping you feel fuller longer. Plus, they deliver vitamins, minerals and other important nutrients your body needs.

Is it better to go over in fat or carbs? ›

Ultimately, science tells us that carbohydrates are not more fattening than fats; in fact, it would make more sense to eat a few too many carbohydrates than a few too many fats. Indeed, this is what we see when we follow people who over-consume carbohydrates versus fats - they tend to gain a little less body fat.

What is the best carbohydrate for energy? ›

Sources of complex carbohydrates that will give you long-lasting energy include whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Popcorn, brown rice, wild rice, quinoa, barley, oatmeal, bulgur and buckwheat are examples of whole grains. Starchy vegetables include corn, potatoes, peas and dried beans.

Videos

1. Specific Carbohydrate Diet for Pediatric IBD–IBD in the News
(Mayo Clinic)
2. The Mediterranean Diet and Specific Carbohydrate Diet for IBD
(Crohn's & Colitis Foundation)
3. What I Ate on the Specific Carbohydrate Diet- Crohn's Disease Diet
(HackYourHealth)
4. What is SPECIFIC CARBOHYDRATE DIET? What does SPECIFIC CARBOHYDRATE DIET mean?
(MicroStrategy)
5. How to do SCD Everyday
(IBD Nutrition Physician)
6. Healthy Diet when you are not able to follow the SCD
(IBD Nutrition Physician)

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