10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (2023)

What is a good substitute for gochujang?

You’re lucky enough to see this post, because the following substitutes are recommended by my Korean friend Sarah. All of the following options will make your Korean dishes just like gochujang do.

Let’s get started.

Bonus: If you simply want to know which Gochujang is the best, then check out our latest research on the 8 best Gochujang in the market.

Table Of Contents

  • What is Gochujang?
  • What Can YouSubstitute for Gochujang?
    • 1. Miso Paste
    • 2. Sriracha
    • 3. Sambal Oelek
    • 4. Thai Chili Paste
    • 5. Cayenne Pepper
    • 6. Harissa Paste
    • 7. Tomato Paste
    • 8. Spiced Date Paste
    • 9. Gochugaru
    • 10. Homemade Gochujang
  • Homemade Gochujang Recipe
    • Ingredients
    • Instructions
    • Notes
  • Recipes with Gochujang
    • Kimchi Udon
    • Kimchi Jjigae
    • Crispy Korean Fried Chicken
    • Gochujang Marinated Korean Beef
  • FAQs About Gochujang

What is Gochujang?

Gochujang is not gochugaru, they are different.

Gochujang is a red chili paste made up of chilies which have been fermented with glutinous rice, fermented soybeans, and saltwhile gochugaru is a chili powder.

Gochujang is an extremely versatile condiment/ingredient and can be used in many different ways.Whether it’s eaten as a spread, added to stews or soups, mixed with sesame oil for a dipping sauce, or even used as a marinade. It’s one of the staples in Korean cooking.

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (1)

Where to buy gochujang?

If you don’t have an Asian market nearby, you might have to purchase gochujang online.

Most small grocery stores don’t have it, but large stores might have it in the aisle with Asian foods or in the refrigerated case next to the kimchi, which is Korean fermented and spiced cabbage.


What Can YouSubstitute for Gochujang?

1. Miso Paste

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (2)

Authentic gochujang and miso paste both use fermented soy as a flavor base. That means miso paste works well as a substitute for gochujang in many recipes.

You won’t want to use miso paste alone, however. Add chili powder and paprika to provide the heat and flavor of the hot peppers. If you have Korean chili powder (gochugaru), use that, but cayenne powder or flakes will work, too.

Add an equivalent amount of miso to the recipe, and start with a dash or two of paprika and chili powder. Taste, and add more as needed.

2. Sriracha

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (3)

Sriracha is a hot pepper sauce that gets its heat from jalapeños, while gochujang gets heat from Korean chili peppers, so the flavor profile is slightly different. However, it still makes a tasty, spicy substitute for gochujang.

Start by adding half as much as the recipe calls for and add more as needed. Sriracha is thin instead of a paste, so you may prefer a different Korean chili paste substitute if you need something with more texture.

3. Sambal Oelek

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (4)

This thin Asian chili paste is usually available at most large grocery stores in the Asian aisle with sweet chili sauce and soy sauce. Sambal oelek brings a lot of heat and some acidity to dishes, though it lacks the complexity of flavors fermentation adds to foods like miso or gochujang.

This replacement for gochujang is spicier, so use about half as much as you would gochujang. Taste the dish before adding more. You might also want to add some sweetener since sambal oelek lacks the sweetness of most other substitutes.

4. Thai Chili Paste

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (5)

If you can find Thai chili paste at your grocery store and the dish you’re making can handle a heavy garlic flavor, this paste works as a gochujangsubstitute. The heat and sweetness will help create the necessary taste in your recipe.

Add about half the amount you would gochujang and taste before adding more.

Also, if your recipe calls for garlic, don’t add it until you’ve added this substitute and tasted the dish. The paste may provide enough garlic flavor that you won’t want to add more.

(Video) 4 New Ways to Enjoy Gochujang, Korean Chili Paste!

5. Cayenne Pepper

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (6)

Your spice bottle might say cayenne pepper, red pepper flakes, or red pepper powder. In the United States, all these come from hot cayenne peppers.

You can add the pepper alone for heat, but you can also use a paste from red pepper flakes and soy sauce. The paste consistency makes it a better gochujang substitute.

To make a paste, mix one-part cayenne pepper with half that amount of soy sauce and a pinch of sugar, then use it in an equal amount in the recipe.

6. Harissa Paste

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (7)

Harissa paste makes a suitable Korean chili paste alternative in dishes where gochujang adds a surprising hit of spice rather than an authentic Korean recipe.

Harissa is a smoky African spice blend. Its flavor profile is nothing like Korean spices, except heat and slight sweetness.

Use Harissa paste in an equal amountin dishes like noodles with a creamy sauce that gets a punch from gochujang or recipes that add spice paste to punch up foods like gochujang macaroni and cheese.

Harissa paste is usually less spicy than gochujang, so you may need to taste and adjust the amount.

7. Tomato Paste

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (8)

Canned or tube tomato paste offers the right texture to recipes but lacks the necessary flavor. If tomato paste is your only option, it’s better than nothing.

Use tomato paste as a gochujang replacement in an equivalent amount. Add cayenne pepper, a little soy sauce, and a dash or two of sugar to your dish for a better flavor profile.

8. Spiced Date Paste

If you have dates and hot pepper flakes, you can blend them into a spicy paste that works as a gochujang substitute in most dishes.

If you can find date paste at your store, use that. If not, pit and boil 5-6 Medjool dates or 10-12 Deglet Noor dates for about ten minutes in a small amount of water to soften them.

(Video) Gochujang substitute (Korean hot pepper paste substitute) for Paleo, Whole30, Vegan, Gluten-free

Blend the dates with a few teaspoons of cayenne pepper, a few tablespoons of water, and a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar. Add a few dashes of garlic powder to taste, then use the paste as you would gochujang.

9. Gochugaru

10 Best Substitutes for Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste) (9)

Gochugaruand gochujang are interchangeable. Gochugaruis a Korean chili powder which is made from red chili peppers. It has the same spiciness as gochujang without the fermented flavor that some people don’t like.

Use 2teaspoon of gochugarufor every 1 teaspoon of gochujang. Taste and add more if required.This is an easy way to add spice to your dishes while still staying true to Korean food culture!

10. Homemade Gochujang

Fortunately, you can make a gochujang paste that tastes as good as those with only a handful of ingredients.

For the heat, use Korean chili powder if you can find it, but a smaller amount of cayenne pepper flakes or chipotle powder will work. The salt and umami flavor can come from soy sauce, tamari, liquid aminos, or coconut aminos, whichever you prefer.

The fermented taste comes from miso paste. White miso has the mildest flavor, and red miso gives the recipe a deeper flavor. You can use whichever one you can find or the one you like best.

The sweet element can be any sugar or sweetener you prefer, but maple syrup or date syrup blends better than granulated sugars or sugar alternatives.


  • ½ cup miso paste
  • ½ cup hot pepper flakes
  • ¼ cup soy sauce
  • ¼ cup maple syrup
  • 3 tablespoons of tomato paste, to taste
  • 3 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 ½ teaspoon of onion powder, to taste


1. Add all ingredients to a food processor or blender and process to the desired consistency. You may need to add a few tablespoons of water a little at a time to help thin the paste.

2. Adjust the ingredients to suit your taste. If you don't have miso paste, you can substitute apple cider vinegar, but start with one or two tablespoons and adjust as needed.


You can store this in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to two weeks and freeze whatever you won't use in that time for a couple of months.

(Video) How to make Gochujang: Korean Red Chili Sauce
Nutrition Information:

Yield: 4Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving:Calories: 155Total Fat: 3gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 2173mgCarbohydrates: 29gFiber: 3gSugar: 17gProtein: 7g

Recipes with Gochujang

Kimchi Udon

Kimchi Jjigae

Crispy Korean Fried Chicken

Gochujang Marinated Korean Beef

FAQs About Gochujang

Is hot pepper paste same as gochujang?

No. The flavor profiles are different. Gochujang has a more complex taste with layers of flavors you can’t get from hot pepper paste.

But if you’re looking for something to spice up some dishes or add a little bit of heat, then go ahead and use either one!

Is Gochujang paste and sauce the same?

They are different. Gochujang paste is made of Korean chili peppers, water, fermented soybeans, and salt. It’s a staple in Korean cooking that can be used to make sauces or condiments for meat dishes.

The gochujang sauce is made of gochujang and other ingredients, such as onions, garlic to create the perfect balance of sweet and spicy flavors.

While they are both delicious to any meal, you’ll want to use them differently depending on what dish you’re preparing.

(Video) Easy Gochujang Sauce (Korean Chili Paste) | Minimalist Baker Recipes

Final Thoughts

The gochujang substitutes we’ve provided in this blog post should be able to help you make your favorite Korean dishes at home. If you have any other replacements in mind that we may not have included, let us know.


What can I use instead of gochujang chili paste? ›

The best gochujang substitute is sweet, salty, smoky and umami-packed. So, a good alternative is doenjang, gochugaru (or hot pepper powder) and a pinch of sugar. Use roughly the same volume of chilli powder to doenjang and thin it with water as needed.

What is similar to Korean chili paste? ›

Grocery store alternatives: Sriracha chili sauce or a Thai chili paste. Sometimes Sriracha can make a decent alternative to gochujang, depending on the need. If the chili paste is simply being used as a heat source and not starring in an authentic Korean recipe, you can give consideration to Sriracha.

Is chili paste and gochujang the same? ›

Gochugaru is ground Korean chili pepper, while gochujang is a chili paste. Both are staples of Korean cooking and even derive from the same pepper; however, they are distinct ingredients.

Can I substitute gochujang with sriracha? ›

Much like you would use miso or anchovy paste to boost the umami flavor in a dish, gochujang can be substituted for sriracha when your flavors are falling a bit flat, even in unexpected applications.

What can you use instead of Gochugaru? ›

Gochugaru Substitutes
  • Crushed Red Pepper.
  • Paprika.
  • Gochujang.
  • Cayenne Pepper Flakes.
  • Aleppo Pepper Flakes.
  • Guajillo Powder.
  • Chipotle Powder.
  • Chile de Arbol Powder.
13 Feb 2022

Can you replace gochujang with tomato paste? ›

Tomato paste isn't a like-for-like replacement, but you can use it to replace gochujang if you're desperate. However, there isn't a direct replacement, so the taste won't be precisely the same. It's a thick, unrefined tomato sauce used for cooking, often used in bolognese sauce recipes.

What is gochujang paste made of? ›

Gochujang, a fundamental ingredient in Korean cooking, is a thick and spicy-sweet crimson paste made from red chile pepper flakes, glutinous rice (also known as sticky rice), fermented soybeans, and salt.

What does gochujang taste like? ›

What does gochujang taste like? It's a bit spicy, a bit funky, salty and deeply savoury. Gochujang traditionally also gets its gentle sweetness from its fermentation process, which takes place over several years and sees the starches in the rice convert to sugars.

Is gochujang paste and sauce the same? ›

Gochujang is a red-colored paste, made from Korean chilli peppers, fermented soybeans, and salt. It is the lifeblood of Korean food and dishes. Gochujang sauce is a modified version of gochujang, where gochujang paste is mixed with other ingredients to create a smoother consistency and even more flavor.


1. HOW TO MAKE GOCHUJANG (Korean chilli paste 🌶) using ingredients in India 🇮🇳
(Lifetime Travelmates)
2. Homemade Korean Chili Paste ( Gochujang ) | How to make Korean Chili Paste in India
(Foreign Tadka)
3. 4 New Ways to Enjoy Gochujang Pt. 2 l Korean Chili Paste
(Aaron and Claire)
4. Quick Homemade Gochujang (Korean Chili Paste)
(Pickled Plum)
5. EASY Gochujang Recipe - Korean Red Chili Paste (고추장) | KOSHER, Halal, Vgean, Oil Free, Gluten Free
(Neta Batata)
6. Gochujang Sauce (Spicy and Addictive!) - One of My GO-TO Recipes
(Chili Pepper Madness)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Kelle Weber

Last Updated: 03/15/2023

Views: 6331

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (73 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Kelle Weber

Birthday: 2000-08-05

Address: 6796 Juan Square, Markfort, MN 58988

Phone: +8215934114615

Job: Hospitality Director

Hobby: tabletop games, Foreign language learning, Leather crafting, Horseback riding, Swimming, Knapping, Handball

Introduction: My name is Kelle Weber, I am a magnificent, enchanting, fair, joyous, light, determined, joyous person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.